Communication is the activity of exchanging information between people. We send and receive information, spoken or written, directly, talking to each other face to face, or distantly, when we are at different places.

Communication requires a sender, a message, and a recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender’s intention to communicate at the time of communication.

Letters has long been one of the most common means of communication. Letters written on paper are the slowest method of delivering information. In some countries it is even called the snail mail. Other means are telegram, telephone, telex, fax, e-mail, radio, television, newspaper, etc.

Telephone is the fastest means of communication. It lets us talk to people in the same city or in other cities or even in other countries. Mobile phones are being increasingly used.

We can also send and receive messages by e-mail or type messages in a live chat on the internet. It’s not a problem to make a video connection and hold conversation with your faraway friends as if you were sitting in one room. The internet is a worldwide computer network, by which a user can connect his computer to another computer in any part of the world.

The letter, telephone and e-mail are personal means of communication. They are used as means of communication between individuals.

When we have to communicate with a big group of people, or many people at one time, we have to use means of mass communication. Newspaper, radio or television, etc., are means of mass communication, or mass media.

Every means of communication is useful in its own way. Together, they help us keep in touch with our friends, relatives and the world.